Updated: Aug 23, 2021
The philosophy of X, in which X is a science, involves philosophers analyzing the concepts of X and sometimes commenting on which concepts are consistent or not. Artificial intelligence (AI) has closer scientific connections with philosophy than any other science, because AI shares many concepts with philosophy, such as action, consciousness, epistemology (what it makes sense to say about the world), and even free will. This article addresses the philosophy of AI, but also analyzes some concepts that are common to philosophy and AI from the point of view of AI. The philosophy of X often includes advice to X practitioners on what they can and cannot do.
We partially reverse the usual course and give advice to philosophers, especially philosophers of mind. The point of view of artificial intelligence is that philosophical theories are only useful for AI if they do not block artificial systems at the human level and provide a basis for designing systems with beliefs, reasoning, and planning. Artificial intelligence research has particularly emphasized formalizing the actions that are present in a situation and the consequences of performing each of the various actions. To do this, AI was mainly interested in simple approaches to phenomena.
A major challenge for both artificial intelligence and philosophy is understanding common sense knowledge and capabilities. We consider the common sense concept of the state of Informatics, the state in which a person or computer program is in which the existing knowledge is partial in terms of both observation and theory, and ill-defined concepts need to be used. Generally ill-defined concepts can be precise in specific contexts.