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Python advantages and disadvantages

Advantages Of Python

1. Easy to read, learn and write

Python is a high-level programming language with English-like syntax. This makes the code easier to read and understand.

It's really easy to get and learn Python, which is why a lot of people recommend Python to beginners. To perform the same task, you need fewer lines of code compared to other native languages such as C/C++ and Java.


2. Improved Efficiency

Python is a very productive language. Because of Python's simplicity, developers can focus on solving the problem. It does not take much time to understand the syntax or behavior of the programming language. You write less code and do more work.


3. Interpreted Language

Python is an interpreted language, which means that Python executes code directly line by line. In case of any error, it stops further work and reports back the error that occurred.

Python shows only one error, even if the program has multiple errors. This makes debugging easier.


4. Dynamically Typed

Python doesn't know the type of variable until we run the code. Automatically assigns the data type during execution. The programmer does not need to worry about declaring variables and data types.


5. Free and open source

Python comes under an OSI-approved open source license. This makes it free to use and distribute. You can download, modify, and even distribute your version of Python. This is useful for organizations that want to change certain behaviors and use their versions for development.


6. Support For Large Libraries

Python's standard library is huge, you can find almost all the functions you need for your task. Therefore, you do not need to depend on external libraries.

But even if you do, a Python package manager (pip) makes it easy to import other great packages from the Python package directory (PyPi). It consists of more than 200,000 packages.


7. Portability

In many languages, such as C/C++, you need to change your code to run the program on different platforms. It's not the same with Python. You just write it once and run it everywhere.

However, you should be careful not to include any features connected to the system.

Disadvantages Of Python

1. Slow Speed

We discussed above that Python is an interpreted language and a dynamically typed language. Line-by-line execution of code usually results in slow execution.

The dynamic nature of Python is also responsible for Python's slow speed, as it needs to do extra work while executing code. Python is therefore not used for purposes where speed is an important aspect of the project.


2. Memory Is Not Efficient

To provide simplicity to the developer, Python needs to compromise a little. The Python programming language uses a large amount of memory. This can be a disadvantage when creating applications when we prefer memory optimization.


3. Weak In Mobile Computing

Python is often used in server-side programming . For the following reasons, we cannot see Python on the client side or in mobile applications. Python is not memory efficient and has slow processing power compared to other languages.


4. Database Access

Programming in Python is easy and stress-free. But when we interact with the database, we can't say that.

Python's database access layer is primitive and underdeveloped compared to popular technologies such as JDBC and ODBC.

Large organizations need seamless interaction of complex legacy data, and therefore Python is rarely used in organizations.


5. Run-Time Errors

As we know that Python is a dynamically typed language, the data type of a variable can change at any time. A variable containing an integer can hold a string in the future, which can lead to run-time errors.

For this reason, Python programmers need to thoroughly test applications.

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