An IoT ecosystem consists of web-enabled smart devices that use embedded systems such as processors, sensors, and communications hardware to collect, send, and act on the data they receive from their environment.
IoT devices share sensor data they collect by connecting to an IoT gateway or other end device, where data is sent to the cloud for analysis or local analysis. Sometimes these devices communicate with other relevant devices and act on the information they receive from each other. The devices do most of the work without human intervention, but people can interact with the devices.For example, install them, instruct them, or access data.
The connectivity, networking, and communication protocols used with these web-enabled devices depend heavily on the specific IoT applications deployed.
IoT can also leverage artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to help make data collection processes easier and more dynamic.