In 1119, an ordination was established by a knight named Hugo de Payens to protect pilgrims coming to Jerusalem. This ordination, officially called “Fratres Militae Templi” or “Pauperes Committones Christi Templique Salamonis”, was approved by the Consul of Troyes.
The Templars took vows to withdraw their hands from the blessings of the world, not to have sex (Selibat), poverty, obedience, and war against the infidels. The Office of the Grand Maître was located at the site of the Temple of Solomon. The brothers, the Knights, carried the Red eight-tipped Senan cross on the white apron taken on their armor. Brothers who were priests wore white, brothers who served wore black or brown robes. Since 1139, this cult has been completely linked to the Pope. It is very important that this ordination had to have close connections with Arabs and Muslims, especially with the Ismaili fighters who established headquarters next to it. The Crusaders were very impressed by these daredevil Warriors. Ismaili bouncers wore a white dress during the battle and assassination, and the bellerline was wrapped in a red belt. They also tied a red cloth to the turban on their heads, sometimes they tied red cheesecloth instead of turban.
This uniform, which was later used during the Babai revolts, led to the birth of the name Kızılbaş for all Alawites. But the Crusaders could not stop these Ismailis, who immediately held an autonomous area of government within their territory, copying the Order of the Assasins, as they call them, and delving deeply into their philosophy.
With the fall of the castle of Akka in 1291, the Templi were forced to retreat to French territory, and there they soon fell into dispute with the kingdom of France. King Philip IV of France could not tolerate such a powerful organization in his territory of sovereignty. Meanwhile, the decoys began to transport many treasures hidden and hidden in the east to Europe. They acquired knowledge of chemistry and Astronomy and were actually engaged in science. Taking advantage of these features, Filip claimed that they were engaged in Devil's work and demanded that they be convicted. In 1305, he arrested all the Temliks he could find, convicted them under torture in fictitious courts, and sentenced them all to death, especially Grand Maître (Grand Master) Jacques de Molay. On 1 March 1313, Molay was burned to death in Paris along with his comrades.
Molay's heroic death led to a great awakening and the formation of reform movements. In developing craft guilds, Templi were already very active because of their importance to craft. In Flandre and Scotland, Templeton foci began to form. King James I Of Scots It became an organisation in Scotland under Edward's patronage. In 1361, the Office of Grand Master of the Temple was moved to Old Aberdeen, Scotland.